The Dallas area and the State of Texas are composed of very diverse communities. Many of these communities do not have adequate access to dental care, and, thus are dentally underserved.
This course will: describe barriers to dental care in underserved communities; provide an update of the diagnosis and treatment of more common oral diseases, especially those that are more common in underserved groups; and explore the psychosocial aspects of patient treatment.
Dr. Nora Gimpel is assistant Professor of Family and Community Medicine, and Chief of the Division of Community Medicine in the Department of Family Medicine at UT Southwestern.
Dr. Gimpel is a family physician originally from Argentina with significant experience teaching evidence-based medicine, working with underserved communities, and teaching and performing community-based participatory research.
I. Overview of U.S. health and health care disparities.
II. Expanding access to oral health care.
Dr. William Wathen is a faculty member at the Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry Department of General Dentistry in Dallas. He teaches a web-based course on psychosocial skills and provides clinical supervision for D4 and DH2 clinics.
Dr. Wathen graduated from the University of Kentucky College of Dentistry in 1967 and went to Texas for a general rotating Air Force Internship. He began private general practice in Fort Worth in 1970, where he practiced for the next 37 years.
Synopsis: The practice of dentistry has three major components: Social sensitivity, biologic orientation, and technical capability. Most dental schools today focus on the biologic and technical aspects while largely ignoring the very foundation of patient care: powerful interpersonal relationships.
Standard curricula tend to follow a surgical model of ‘find holes and spaces to fill and gums to scrape or cut’. Today’s model of comprehensive dental care follows the medical model of education, in this sequence:
It is increasingly important that health care today involve helping patients manage conditions whose outcomes can be greatly influenced by lifestyle or behavior change.
Psychosocial understanding presents powerful tools to enhance communication with patients and guide them in making choices to improve and maintain their oral health, from weight loss to exercise and smoking cessation, to medication adherence and safer sex practices.
Engaging dialogues and vignettes bring to life the core skills of motivational interviewing (MI) and show how to incorporate this brief evidence-based approach into any health care setting.
The ultimate oral health related goals of patients boil down to 6 factors:
This lecture will outline some psychosocial practice strategies to help patients achieve and maintain healthy mouths. The reward for the dental team is the achievement of balanced and rewarding professional lives.
Dr. John M. Wright is Regents Professor and Chairman of the Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry in Dallas, Texas.
Wright is an oral pathologist and a Diplomate of both the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and the American Board of Oral Medicine. He received his dental degree from West Virginia University and oral pathology training at Indiana University.
He has contributed over 100 publications to the scientific literature, as well as 15 book chapters and three textbooks, and is a past President of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and the International Association of Oral Pathologists.
Pathology Update with a Focus on Oral Health Needs of Underserved Populations
The lecture will provide a review and update on the more common pathologic diseases/conditions affecting patients. It will include conditions more common in the underserved but any underserved patient with a pathologic lesion in their mouth has an oral health need for diagnosis and management. Strategies for access will be discussed.
Baylor College of Dentistry, Room 134
3.0 hours lecture
149 Multidisciplinary Topics, 742 Medical Health History/Factors, 151 Research Methods, and Biostatitics